Learn about the causes of Joint Pain & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome Joint Pain within New Zealand.
Therapies which may benefit Joint Pain
Joint pain can be caused by injury affecting any of the ligaments,
bursae, or tendons surrounding the joint. Injury can also affect the
ligaments, cartilage, and bones within the joint
Causes of joint pain
Joint pain, known medically
as arthralgia when non-inflammatory, can be caused by wear and tear,
disease, injury or disorders. Joint pain can affect one joint or more
depending on the cause.
and tear on the joint can sometimes be due to excessive strain and
pressure on the muscles, ligaments, tendons and cartilage from work or
exercise, or through the natural ageing process. Sprains, cartilage
damage, tendonitis or bone fractures can all result in joint pain.
such as osteoarthritis are degenerative and lead to wear and tear on
the joint. The loss of cartilage between the bones causes friction that
results in joint pain.
Autoimmune disorders (such as rheumatoid
arthritis and systemic lupus erytematosis) are another cause of joint
pain. The body produces antibodies to fight infections but in
autoimmune problems these antibodies can attack perfectly healthy
tissue around the joint.
Inflammation of the joint from
bacterial infections such as mumps, flu, measles, rubella, lyme
disease, hepatitis and rheumatic fever can all lead to joint pain.
rarer causes of joint pain include diseases of the bone such as Paget's
disease and Osteomyelitis or from cancers and tumours which are close
to the joint.
Symptoms of joint pain
Symptoms of joint pain will vary depending on the nature of the
condition and its severity. With inflammatory disorders such as
arthritis, symptoms may include:
Non-inflammatory joint problems may cause:
- Swollen joints
- Redness around the joint
- Stiff joints
these symptoms are accompanied by weight loss, fever and fatigue then
there may be an underlying infectious disease and you should seek
medical attention as soon as possible.
- Pain when exercising
- Limited movement in the morning
Diagnosis of joint pain
Joint pain is a common symptom which often clears up without any
intervention however persistent joint pain indicates a more serious
Your GP will refer you for diagnostic
tests to determine the cause of your joint pain. Tests include X-rays,
MRI or CT scans. You may also be referred for an arthroscopy whereby a
small flexible tube is inserted into the joint through a small skin
incision to examine the joint and surrounding tissue.
Our joints (such as the elbows and knees), are surrounded by a membrane called the Synovial Membrane. This membrane forms a capsule around the ends of two articulating bones and secretes a liquid called the Synovial Fluid - HA (Hyaluronic Acid) being a chief component.
Synovial fluid is a viscous fluid with the consistency of motor oil - providing the lubrication and the elastic shock absorbing properties to the joint, and the transportation of nutrients to the cartilage and the removal of waste from the joint capsule.
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