Cholesterol Issues
Natural Solutions in Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch

Learn about the causes of Cholesterol Issues & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome Cholesterol Issues within New Zealand.

Therapies which may benefit Cholesterol Issues

Cholesterol is a fatty substance produced by the liver and found in blood and cells. Cholesterol issues develop from high levels of cholesterol causing diseases of the heart and blood vessels (angina, heart attack, stroke, blocked arteries). High cholesterol comes from a diet high in saturated fat, lack of exercise, family history, obesity or excessive drinking. Treatments for cholesterol issues include dietary and lifestyle changes and cholesterol lowering drugs.


Causes of cholesterol issues

There are many factors leading to cholesterol issues with the most common being lifestyle choices. Lifestyle risk factors are preventable but the following will increase the risk of developing high cholesterol.

Poor diet
– an unhealthy diet containing too much saturated fat can have a detrimental effect on blood cholesterol. Red meat, meat pies, sausages, cheese, butter, cakes, biscuits, pastry and cream are all high in saturated fat and should be eaten in moderation.

Lack of physical activity
– a sedentary lifestyle increases Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (which leads to arterial disease) and decreases High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the fats which prevent arterial disease).

– being overweight increases LDL and decreases HDL leading to high blood cholesterol levels.


-  more than the recommended 3-4 units per day for men and 2-3 for women.

There are also a number of treatable risk factors to cholesterol issues such as high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, under-active thyroid, high triglyceride blood level.

Risk factors such as a family history of heart disease, stroke or cholesterol conditions can lead to cholesterol issues. Being male carries a greater risk of developing high cholesterol as does age – the older you are the higher the risk of atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries).

The menopause or being of Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi or Sri Lankan descent also carries an increase of cholesterol issues.


Symptoms of cholesterol issues 

Having high cholesterol doesn't mean you have a disease but it may be causing a serious underlying problem such as heart disease, risk of stroke or angina. The most common condition caused by cholesterol is Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).

CHD is caused by the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart – a condition known as atherosclerosis. When cholesterol and other substances build up in the artery lining bloodflow is restricted. Blood clots are more likely to develop when the arteries have a build up of fatty deposits and this can trigger a heart attack.

Symptoms of atherosclerosis include:

  • Angina (due to the narrowing of the coronary arteries)
  • Leg pain (narrowing of the arteries supplying blood to the lower limbs)
  • Blood clots and ruptured vessels (resulting in strokes)
  • Ruptured plaques (fatty build ups leading to blood clots and then heart failure if significant damage to the heart muscle)
  • Xanthomas (cholesterol deposits that are thick and yellow)

Diagnosis of cholesterol issues

In the first instance a blood test will measure the level of cholesterol in your blood. The test will identify LDL levels, HDL levels and triglycerides (fatty substance produced by the liver but also present in dairy products, meat and oils).

Blood cholesterol is measured in millimoles per litre and in the UK the total recommended level is 5mmol/litre with an LDL of 3mmol/litre.

Many chemists offer free cholesterol checks or you can visit your GP. You should have your blood cholesterol checked if:

  • You're 40 years-old or more
  • You have a family history of heart disease or strokes
  • You have a family history of cholesterol issues
  • You're overweight or obese
  • You suffer with high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • You suffer with a kidney condition, have an under-active thyroid or acute pancreatitis)


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