Learn about the causes of Knee Pain & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome Knee Pain within New Zealand.
Knee pain is an umbrella term to describe pain around the knee joint. The knee is a complex joint and can be susceptible to injury or disease to the ligaments, bone and surrounding muscles. Common conditions which lead to knee pain include torn ligaments, cartilage damage and osteoarthritis.
Causes of knee pain
The knee is a vulnerable joint and as such can be affected by a variety of injuries or diseases. The knee is made up of two joints (patellofemoral and tibiofemoral), the patella (kneecap), tendons and four ligaments (anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral and the lateral collateral).
Located within the knee joint is the menisci (cartilage) which protects the surfaces of the joint from impact and helps to stabilise and lubricate the knee.
Any of these areas of the knee can be affected by acute injury or trauma, particularly from sports or physical activity. If there is no history of injury, the cause of knee pain can be determined by where symptoms of pain are presenting and if there is loss of mobility.
Common causes of knee pain that aren't triggered by acute trauma to the joint include:
Symptoms of knee pain
The symptoms of knee pain vary depending on the type of knee injury or problem. However, there are some common symptoms which indicate a knee joint problem:
Diagnosis of knee pain
Sudden impact injuries or trauma to the knee joint should be assessed by a medical professional as soon as possible to help prevent further damage to the joint.
For chronic knee pain, in the first instance your GP will take a history of the problem and examine the knee to find any indication as to the cause of the problem.
The GP may request further diagnostic tests such as an Arthroscopy to determine the extent of any damage or disease. The same procedure is also used to remove torn cartilage and perform reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament.
joints (such as the elbows and knees), are surrounded by a membrane
called the Synovial Membrane. This membrane forms a capsule around the
ends of two articulating bones and secretes a liquid called the Synovial
Fluid - HA (Hyaluronic Acid) being a chief component.