Learn about the causes of Osteoporosis & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome Osteoporosis within New Zealand.
Osteoporosis is a condition affecting bone mass. Bones become overly porous like a sponge making them brittle and fragile and Osteoporosis sufferers have an increased risk of fractures. It is common in post-menopausal women and the elderly.
After the age of 35, the bones begin to become weaker and thinner due
to more bone cells being lost than replaced. Post-menopausal women are
at a greater risk due to a decrease in the hormone oestrogen which
helps keep bones healthy. In men, testosterone is essential to bone
health but the majority of males continue to produce the hormone into
Certain diseases affecting the glands that produce hormones can cause osteoporosis. These include hyperthyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, diabetes and pituitary gland disorders.
Other factors which increase osteoporosis risk include:
Due to osteoporosis taking many years to develop, symptoms do not
become apparent until a minor fall or impact results in a bone
fracture. Common fractures include wrist, hip and vertebrae and it is
not unusual for a rib to break when sneezing or coughing.
In the elderly, bone fractures do not heal properly leading to arthritis and disability. A visible sign of osteoporosis in the elderly is a stooped posture due to spinal bones becoming fractured and unable to support the body's weight.
People who are a high risk of osteoporosis include:
joints (such as the elbows and knees), are surrounded by a membrane
called the Synovial Membrane. This membrane forms a capsule around the
ends of two articulating bones and secretes a liquid called the
Synovial Fluid - HA (Hyaluronic Acid) being a chief component.