Learn about the causes of Scoliosis & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome Scoliosis within New Zealand.
Scoliosis is a deformity of the spine which forms during childhood, whereby a lateral curvature develops. The exact cause is unknown, but there is a hereditary factor, and it can also arise secondary to another condition, such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida.
Causes of scoliosis
Scoliosis can develop any time during childhood or adolescence. Eighty
per cent of scoliosis cases have no known cause (idiopathic) however
idiopathic scoliosis is thought to be hereditary and a recently
discovered gene may make people more susceptible to the condition if it
is passed on by a family member.
Other cases of scoliosis are usually caused by conditions affecting the nerves and muscles such as muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy. Children who are unable to walk because of these conditions have an underdeveloped spine and are unable to stand upright.
Scoliosis can also be as a result of a birth defect but the condition cannot be caused by poor posture or carrying heavy weights on the back.
Children with scoliosis will have some of the following symptoms:
Scoliosis is diagnosed with a physical examination by a GP. The GP will
examine the spine, hips and shoulders and then refer the child to an
orthopaedic specialist for an X-ray to determine the shape, direction
and angle of the curve.
In severe curvature, an MRI scan may be required to check for any neurological conditions. In 90% of cases the condition corrects itself during growth of the child. For the remaining 10% of scoliosis cases a back brace will prevent further curvature and some children may require surgical intervention.