Learn about the causes of Dyslexia & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of
Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome Dyslexia within New
Therapies which may benefit Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a congenital and developmental condition that causes
neurological anomalies in the brain. It is a learning disability,
characterised by difficulty reading and writing, in spite of normal
intelligence or cognitive abilities.
Causes of dyslexia
The exact cause of dyslexia is unclear but many
experts believe the condition is hereditary meaning it runs in
families. The condition changes the way the brain deals with
information and certain genes inherited from parents may be to blame
but how this passes on from generation to generation is unknown.
Symptoms of dyslexia
Dyslexia symptoms vary from person to person and the severity of the condition for individuals will be different too.
Young children can display signs of dyslexia before starting school. The possible symptoms may include:
Children of 5-7 years of age may display the following common symptoms of dyslexia:
- Delayed speech development
- Clumsiness or poor coordination
- Mixing up words and phrases
- Lack of understanding with words that rhyme
- Difficulty dressing or tying shoes
Older children aged 7-12 may display the following common dyslexia symptoms:
- Poor reading skills (except for simple words)
- Difficulty with the alphabet
- Poor writing skills
- Inability to distinguish left from right
- Poor concentration
- Difficulty remembering common sequences (such as days in the week)
Teenagers with dyslexia may display the following common dyslexia symptoms:
- Falling behind at school compared to other children
- Behavioural problems (often due to frustration)
- Inability to learn multiplication
- Inability to follow simple instructions
Many people reach adulthood without dyslexia being diagnosed and as such may display the following signs of the condition:
- Poor organisational skills
- Difficulty writing down instructions or copying work
- Poor exam revision skills
- Unable to cope with exam situations
- Taking longer to do school work
- Persistent misspelling of words
- Severe difficulties learning another language
- Avoidance of reading and writing
- Concealing problems with reading, writing and spelling
- Poor organisational skills
- Lack of time management
- Using memory and verbal skills rather than reading or writing
Diagnosis of dyslexia
Children with dyslexia will develop coping strategies in order to
disguise the condition but it becomes apparent when there is difficulty
with reading or writing. Coping strategies can be positive such as
working harder to compensate or developing long-term memory skills.
Negative strategies may be displayed by the child pretending to be
unintelligent to mask their inability to read or write correctly.
of dyslexia is carried out using screening and assessment methods.
Screening involves asking the child a series of questions or testing
their ability with grammar, words and sounds. While this process
doesn't confirm dyslexia, it may indicate a high probability of being
Dyslexia assessment involves more rigorous testing of
intellectual and learning ability by a healthcare specialist (such as
an education psychologist).
Assessment methods used include: examining language development skills, vocabulary, memory and visual/auditory speed.
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