Learn about the causes of PMS / PMT & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome PMS / PMT within New Zealand.
Pre-menstrual syndrome/tension is a common condition characterised by mood swings, depression and irritability prior to a woman's period (menstruation) and can be accompanied by bloating or cramps.
The exact causes of PMS are unclear but there are known contributory
factors to the symptoms such as hormonal changes, chemical imbalance,
stress and diet.
Prior to menstruation, oestrogen and progesterone hormone levels fluctuate causing many of the symptoms associated with PMS. During pregnancy and after the menopause, these hormones become stable and improve PMS supporting the theory that hormonal changes are the biggest contributory factor of pre-menstrual syndrome.
Chemical changes in the brain occur during the menstrual cycle. Chemicals such as serotonin fluctuate causing changes to mood. Women with low levels of serotonin become sensitive to symptoms of PMS such as fatigue, food cravings and difficulty with sleeping.
While not a cause of PMS, stress can make symptoms worse.
Fluid retention caused by excess salt in the diet is a contributory factor of bloatedness – a common PMS symptom. Energy and mood can be affected by alcohol and caffeine and a lack of essential vitamins and nutrients in the diet can make PMS symptoms feel worse.
Pre-menstrual syndrome does not have a test or procedure for diagnosis
but if symptoms are severe then in the first instance you should visit
If you or your GP suspects PMDD then a physical examination may be carried out to determine any underlying condition which may be affecting you.