Learn about the causes of Urinary Problems & find a practitioner in Auckland, Hamilton, Bay of Plenty, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin to help you overcome Urinary Problems within New Zealand.
Urinary problems include infections of the urinary tract and cystitis. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, bladder and urethra. Infections occur when bacteria spreads and moves through the urethra causing infection in the urinary tract. If this spreads to the bladder it can cause cystitis. If the infection continues into the kidneys it can cause pyelonephritis.
Causes of urinary problems
There are a number of problems that can affect the function of the
urinary system from infections to incontinence. The most common problem
is a urinary tract infection (UTI) which affects both men and women.
UTIs are caused by bacteria entering and infecting the urinary tract. The common bacteria that causes UTIs is Escherichia coli which lives in the colon. The bacteria can enter through the urethra opening and multiply in the bladder.
This infection is usually spread when wiping the anus after using the toilet when the paper comes into contact with the genitals. As the bacteria works its way through the urinary tract, it infects the bladder (a condition known as cystitis) and can continue toward the kidneys (a condition called pyelonephritis).
Another common urinary problem is urinary incontinence. This is the unintentional passing of urine and affects around three million people in the UK. Although common in elderly people, the condition can affect anyone but women are more susceptible than men.
There are a number of causes of incontinence:
Symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection (in the bladder) include:
A UTI will require a diagnosis by your GP. An upper UTI will require a
urine test but the typical symptoms of cystitis (infection of the
bladder) will usually not require further testing.
If you are experiencing urinary incontinence then in the first instance visit your GP. The GP will attempt to establish the type of incontinence you have and there are a few tests to determine this.
First, your GP will perform a physical examination to assess your urinary system. For women, this may involve examination of the vagina to check the pelvic floor muscle strength. Men may require a check of the rectum to see if the prostate gland is enlarged.
If the GP suspects that the problem is being caused by an infection, they will test your urine for bacteria. If you're unable to fully empty your bladder, you may be referred for an ultrasound to show how much urine is left in the bladder after going to toilet. During this process, a small flexible tube is inserted into your urethra and fed into the bladder.
If the ultrasound fails to show how much urine is remaining in the bladder, a catheter (small hollow tube) will be fed through the urethra into the bladder to drain and measure the amount of remaining urine.